President Ali Bongo Ondimba of Gabon stated during the third Africa Climate Week conference that the continent’s states must come up with plans to combat climate change, which is an existential threat to the continent’s megacities. According to Bongo, African authorities and scientists should make their arguments more compelling at the 27th annual United Nations climate conference, which will be held in Egypt in November.
Third African Climate Meeting
More than a thousand government representatives and other stakeholders have gathered in Libreville, the capital of Gabon, for the third African climate forum. They are aiming to develop effective regional climate responses for Africa.
According to Patricia Scotland, Secretary-General of the Commonwealth, a group of former British colonies, “climate change is a profound challenge for Africa and a great challenge of our time, amplifying existing social, political, and economic inequalities.” Patricia Scotland made this statement at the meeting.
Africa is experiencing several extreme weather phenomena, including cyclones, devastating flash floods, and drought across central, western, and southern Africa. Sandstorms and excessive heat are also present in West Africa’s Sahel region.
The 2019 U.N. meeting will be held in Egypt, where Foreign Minister Sameh Shoukry expressed regret that pledges made to African nations to assist them in battling climate change had not been kept.
“In terms of mitigation, adaptation, and financing, the international community is falling behind. There are still unfulfilled promises about the financing for mitigation and adaptation made in Glasgow, according to Shoukry.
He said that the “backtracking on agreements by many affluent countries is a subject of concern for many African nations.” According to him, “Africa’s attempts to support the international fight against climate change continue to be hampered by the delayed delivery of climate finance.”
Other significant issues facing the continent, like food security, carbon markets, climate migrants, and coastal resilience, will be covered at the African Climate Week conference. Examinable concerns include climate early warning systems, integrated water management to handle water scarcity, and global cooperation to advance climate action.
Through the creation and execution of National Adaptation Plans (NAPs), the U.N. Climate Change secretariat assists nations in recognizing and managing climate risks.
According to the FAO of the United Nations, the number of undernourished persons in sub-Saharan African nations has increased by 45.6% since 2012. (FAO).
Most people in Africa make their living from agriculture, the backbone of the continent’s economy. Africa is thus exposed to and vulnerable to climate change and variability.
In West and Central Africa, 11% in North Africa, and 8% in East and Southern Africa, a loss in mean yield of 13% is anticipated under the worst-case scenario for climate change. Due to their greater resilience to heat-stress conditions, millet and sorghum are the most promising crops, with yield losses of just 5% and 8%, respectively, by 2050. In contrast, rice and wheat are anticipated to be the most negatively impacted, with losses of the yield of 12% and 21%, respectively.
A new report devoted solely to the continent of Africa claims that rising temperatures and sea levels, altered precipitation patterns, and more extreme weather are endangering human health and safety, the security of food and water, and socioeconomic development in Africa.
The development of systematic observations and research being carried out by WMO is essential in contributing to these efforts.
Science-based climate knowledge is the cornerstone of climate change adaptation, the cornerstone of developing resilience, and a haven for sustainable lives and development. As a result, the State of Climate Report for Africa has a vital role in this regard, including informing our efforts to realize the objectives of the Africa Agenda 2063, according to H.E. Josefa Leonel Correia Sacko, Commissioner for Rural Economy and Agriculture of the African Union Commission.
2019 was the warmest year for the continent on record. It’s anticipated the pattern will persist. African temperatures have been warming in recent decades at a rate similar to that of most other continents, which is a bit faster than the global mean surface temperature.
Sea-level trends around Africa exhibit substantial geographical variation. Sea level rise exceeded 5 mm per year in the southwestern Indian Ocean from Madagascar eastward towards and beyond Mauritius. It reached 5 mm per year in various maritime regions surrounding the continent. This exceeds the usual annual global sea-level rise of 3–4 mm.
Another significant issue is coastal erosion and deterioration, particularly in West Africa. The coastlines of Benin, Côte d’Ivoire, Senegal, and Togo are eroding at a rate of about 56%, which is predicted to worsen in the future. Sea level rise is not the leading cause of environmental change right now, but it is predicted to combine with other factors in the future to make things worse.