Lula Will Retake The Presidency Of Brazil After Defeating Bolsonaro

Brazilians nearly elected the leftist former president Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva to office in a contentious presidential election as a rejection of the far-right ideology of the incumbent Jair Bolsonaro.

The crucial election

The country’s election commission reports that Bolsonaro earned 49.1% of the vote, while Da Silva received 50.9%. While truckers across the nation blocked certain highways in protest the morning after the results were announced and congratulations flowed in from foreign leaders, Bolsonaro had yet to surrender or respond openly.

Before the election, Bolsonaro’s campaign made many unsubstantiated charges of potential electoral manipulation, which stoked concerns that, if he lost, he would not concede loss and would instead attempt to overturn the outcome.

The crucial election marked a dramatic turnaround for da Silva. His corruption-related jail prevented him from running in the 2018 election, which Bolsonaro won. Bolsonaro has used the president to further conservative social beliefs while making explosive remarks and challenging democratic institutions.

In a speech delivered Sunday night at a hotel in the heart of Sao Paulo, da Silva claimed that “today, the Brazilian people are the only winners.” “Democracy won because a democratic movement rose above political parties, individual interests, and ideologies to coalesce,” the speaker said.

Da Silva affirms his commitment to acting as a leader outside his party. He says that to restore the level of prosperity that prevailed in the country from 2003 to 2010, when he served as president, he needs to win over centrists and even some right-leaning people. However, he faces a country that is split along political lines.

During his four years in power, Bolsonaro has defended traditional Christian beliefs and been outspokenly conservative. He asserted that the return to power of his competitor would bring in communism, the legalization of drugs, abortion, and the persecution of churches—things that weren’t present during da Silva’s first eight years in office.

This was the nation’s closest election since returning to democracy in 1985 and the first incumbent president to lose a reelection bid. This campaign received slightly more votes than the previous one, which was decided by a margin of just over 3.5 million votes in 2014.

On Sunday night, some Bolsonaro supporters shouted about electoral fraud in front of his Rio residence. Additionally, local media reported that Bolsonaro’s supporters among truck drivers stopped a section of the Rio de Janeiro-Sao Paulo highway throughout the previous night. Early on Monday morning, videos shared on social media showed no movement. In several other states, there have also been similar reports.

Da Silva’s victory extended a string of recent leftist victories in the region—including those in Chile, Colombia, and Argentina—and was extended.

After taking office on January 1, the country will be in a state of tension, according to Thomas Traumann, a political analyst who linked Sunday’s outcome to Biden’s triumph in 2020.

The speaker declared that pacifying the nation would be Lula’s “great challenge.” “People are divided not only over political issues but also regarding their identities, values, and opinions. Furthermore, they don’t give a damn about the opposition’s beliefs, identities, or viewpoints.

On Sunday evening, several foreign leaders expressed their congratulations, including U.S. President Joe Biden, who, in a statement, praised the nation’s “free, fair, and credible elections.” The European Union praised the electoral authority for its efficiency and openness throughout the campaign.

Throughout the first half of the count, Bolsonaro had been in the lead. As soon as da Silva passed him, though, vehicles in downtown Sao Paulo started blasting their horns. It turned! was being shouted by residents of Rio de Janeiro’s Ipanema area.

Only after the outcome was declared did Da Silva’s headquarters at a downtown Sao Paulo hotel erupt, highlighting the tension that characterized this contest.

A woman on top of a truck offered a prayer through a speaker outside Bolsonaro’s Rio residence, the foundation of his support network. She then sang enthusiastically to generate energy as da Silva’s lead expanded. But the outfitted in green and yellow fans hardly responded. Many others cheered when the national anthem began to play, joining in loudly while placing their palms over their hearts.

Da Silva seemed destined for an easy victory for months as he stoked memories of his time in office when Brazil’s economy was thriving.

How Bolsonaro’s administration handled the COVID-19 outbreak and the most considerable deforestation of the Amazon rainforest in 15 years has drawn harsh criticism. But by positioning himself as a bulwark against leftist policies, which, in his view, violate individual liberty while causing social unrest and moral decay, he has amassed a devoted following. He aimed to maintain support with significant government spending during an election year.

“There was no opponent or competitor candidate for us. Speaking to the group in Sao Paulo, Da Silva said, “To prevent him from using the Brazilian state apparatus against us, we fought back.

Da Silva

Da Silva created a substantial social assistance program while president that helped tens of millions of people enter the middle class. The person known as Lula had a popularity rating of more than 80% when he left office, earning him the title of “the most popular politician on Earth,” in the words of then-President of the United States Barack Obama.

His administration’s involvement in widespread corruption, made public through in-depth investigations, is another thing that sticks in people’s minds about him.

Da Silva was given a 580-day prison term for bribery and money laundering. His convictions were later reversed by the Brazilian Supreme Court, which found that the trial judge had been biased and had cooperated with the prosecution. Da Silva had the right to make a sixth presidential run.

Da Silva has promised to increase spending on the underprivileged, repair ties with other nations, and take decisive measures to stop unlawful clear-cutting in the Amazon rainforest.

“We will conduct surveillance and monitoring in the Amazon once more. In his speech, da Silva vowed to combat all unlawful activity. “At the same time, we will encourage the sustainable development of Amazonian communities.”

The president-elect has promised to choose an Indigenous person to lead a ministry for Brazil’s indigenous peoples.

But conservative MPs will vigorously oppose da Silva’s attempts to accomplish these and other objectives.

This year, unemployment has decreased to its lowest level since 2015, and food costs are rising at a double-digit rate even if general inflation slowed during the election. Many Brazilians relied on Bolsonaro’s welfare payments to get by. Still, da Silva has presented as the candidate more eager to continue providing aid and boosting the minimum wage.

Lula’s Retake as President

In April, he chose center-right Geraldo Alckmin, an old foe, as his running mate. It was a crucial component of a campaign to forge a large, pro-democracy front to remove Bolsonaro and make governance more straightforward.

His success will depend on his ability to forge connections in a varied and divided nation, according to Carlos Melo, a political science professor at Insper University in Sao Paulo.

Lula could return Brazil to a time when people could disagree and still accomplish specific goals, Melo said. “If Lula manages to talk to those who didn’t vote for him, which Bolsonaro never tried, and finds negotiated solutions to the economic, social, and political problem we face,” Melo added.

 

Gloria Flynt

I am a Research Content Specialist in Update.co.ke. I have been working with update.co.ke for over 6 months. Update.co.ke is a digital platform that provides news and analysis on business, economy, technology and entrepreneurship in worldwide. I love reading and writing about anything that has to do with science, technology, and developments in the digital world.

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