According to authorities, the “loneliest man in the world,” an Amazon tribesman who lived alone for about 26 years, has passed away in Brazil. Uncontacted peoples are indigenous groups that, up to the present, have remained primarily unaffected by outside political or governmental influence, keeping their traditional ways of life. However, early modern European exploration and colonization brought native peoples from all over the world into touch with colonial settlers and explorers. As a result, most indigenous communities have interacted with outsiders somehow. Therefore, “uncontacted” refers to a current absence of consistent contact with most non-indigenous societies.
Brazilian Indigenous Tribe
The enigmatic man was the final survivor of a Brazilian indigenous tribe that had not had contact with outsiders. Because he spent a large portion of his life hiding or finding shelter in pits he excavated in the ground, he was known as the “Man of the Hole.”
The man’s body was discovered on August 23 in a hammock outside his straw home, according to the Brazilian Indigenous Affairs Agency (Funai), which had been keeping an eye on him from afar. The officials stated that there were no indications of violence. They stated that it is thought theman planned to die since he had surrounded his body with colorful feathers.
The man was thought to be around 60 years old. He was the final member of an indigenous community that had resided in the Tanaru indigenous territory in the Bolivian state of Rondonia. The man’s body will now be sent for an autopsy by the Federal Police of Brazil, resulting in a report on the results.
Tanaru territory, which is regarded as one of the most violent locations in Brazil are thought to have had just one resident—the “Man of the Hole,” according to officials. The remainder of the tribe was purportedly slaughtered in a series of assaults starting in the 1970s by cattle ranchers who were land-hungry, according to the non-profit organization Survival International, with the last few members being wiped out in 1995.
However, little is known about this indigenous community because the sole survivor of the disaster had rebuffed all attempts at contact. The Observatory for the Human Rights of Isolated and Recent Contact with Indigenous People (OPI) reported on the man’s death, saying that he “died without identifying which ethnicity he belonged to or the intentions of the holes he dug inside his house.” Brazil tried to relocate anyone on property that could be farmed for a living until the 1970s. It then established the Department of Isolated Indians inside FUNAI, aiding the work of Sydney Possuelo and José Carlos Meirelles, and proclaimed the 85,444.82 km Vale do Javari permanently sealed off. According to FUNAI, there were 67 uncontacted indigenous peoples in Brazil as of 2007, up from 40 in 2005.
People that reside in the eastern Amazon jungle are known as Awá. Of the 350 members, 100 are entirely removed from the outside world. Due to disputes with logging interests in their territory, they are regarded as highly endangered. North of Mato Grosso is where the Kawahiva people reside. They rarely interact with strangers and are always on the go. As a result, the primary way to identify them is by the physical relics they left behind, such as arrows, baskets, hammocks, and communal homes. The Korubu people are located in the western Amazon Basin’s lower Vale do Javari. The Uru-Eu-Wau-Wau and the Himarim may be more tribes. There may be uncontacted peoples in the Uru-Eu-Uaw-Uaw Indigenous Territory, the Kampa Indigenous Territory, and the Envira River Isolated Peoples.
Man of the Hole
A few isolated gatherings of one to two persons recently caught the media’s attention in 2019. Despite continuing to live alone in the woods, two brothers of the Piripkura tribe made touch with FUNAI after their 18-year-old fire burned out. The ensuing documentary Piripkura centered on them. On 8,000 hectares, another guy who was known as the “Man of the Hole” lived alone and dug hundreds of holes for farming and trapping. A government crew last captured “The Man of the Hole” on camera in 2018, when he was observed hacking at a tree with a pointed tool that resembled an axe. Uncontacted peoples in Brazil face threats from logging, gold mining, and illegal land grabbing as of 2021 as Jair Bolsonaro’s administration plans to expand Amazon development and shrink indigenous reservations.